Although typical martial arts programs are a great discipline and sport, some of them are arguably of little benefit in successfully preparing someone to deal with real-life violence. Almost 100% of them do not put Use of Force into an easily understandable legal model for civilians. None of them seem to grasp the big picture of personal safety post 9-11. The Dojo is dead. So are traditional martial arts programs. They just don’t know it yet.
An estimate 20 million American took part in some form of Martial Arts last year. About half are adults. Most of them are between the ages of 18-34 years old with an average household income of 65K, and most likely college educated. The most popular martial arts in the United States are generally considered to be karate, and its many variations, and judo, and its many variations. One of the most popular martial arts in the world, including the United States, is not even considered a martial art by most Americans. It is called Tai Chi. The average price today for martial arts instruction is approximately $125 a month around the country but some schools or instructors charge $300-$400 a month for group lessons and others have been known to generate thousands, even tens of thousands of dollars in a seminar setting. There are many excellent school located throughout the world.
According to many crime surveys and crime data collection sources, United States residents age 12 or older have approximately an 8% chance of being a victim of any crime in a country of approximately 320 million people. These statistics are probably low, since there is much crime that goes unreported.
• About 77% are property crimes.
• About 22% are crimes of violence, defined as Homicide, Robbery, Assault & Sexual Assault.
• In 24% of the incidents of violent crime, a weapon was present. With a population of approximately 320 million, your chances of being a victim of violent crime are about 1-2%.
Criminals need certain things in order to be successful. If they cannot get those things from you, they will move on to someone else.
Statistically, we know that drug and alcohol use increase the risk of violence. Forty nine percent of all State prison inmates reported that they were under the influence of drugs or alcohol or both at the time they committed the offense for which they were currently sentenced.
The US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Applied Studies, reports:
• Approximately 7-10% of Americans aged 12 or older were current (past month) illicit drug users, meaning they had used an illicit drug during the month prior to the survey interview.
• The estimated number of persons aged 12 or older needing treatment for an illicit drug is about 10 million.
• The estimated number of persons aged 12 or older needing treatment for an alcohol is about 20 million.
Are you aware of the signs of drug use or the con games addicts play in order to take advantage of people?
Prisons and the Criminal Justice System
From a U.S. prison study by the bipartisan Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons: Within three years of their release, 67% of former prisoners are rearrested and 52% are re-incarcerated. This recidivism rate calls into question the effectiveness of America’s corrections system, which costs taxpayers $60 billion a year. What can we learn from these statistics?
The Criminal Justice System in the United States does not work. It is broken. Presumably, the greatest risk for personal violence comes from those who are candidates for incarceration, and there is close to an even chance they will be under the influence at the time of their offense.
Public Mass Shootings
Public Mass Shootings are increasing, and have been for quite some time. A quick internet search will provide the grisly details of church, school, mall and workplace violence incidents.
There have been a plethora of deranged shootings on religious institutional premises in the last decade. These incidents highlight the need for religious organizations to recognize the realities of the world we live in. Religious organizations are not immune to being sued. The First Amendment will provide limited protection for organizations to believe what they want, but do not give them protection to do, or not do, any action they want. Currently, tort actions against churches generally seek large sums of money, and courts are much more willing to entertain legal actions against the church than they were even a decade ago. A church can be sued for any reason. Lawsuits cause major disruptions, cost a considerable amount to defend, and invite publicity. Every religious institution worldwide is vulnerable to these types of attacks, given the current geopolitical climate. There are strategies available that are able to reduce risk and liability of these organizations, both large and small. There is a certain amount of irony in the theological stand many Faiths take on the sanctity of life, yet are unwilling to dedicate resources to protect their own congregations.
Schools are not immune from liability and have not escaped the madness.
• Physical attacks without a weapon, theft or larceny, and vandalism are much more common in schools than are the more serious incidents. Forty-four percent to forty-nine percent of all schools reported crimes of these types to the authorities.
• Fights or attacks with a weapon are more common in middle schools. 21% of middle school/junior high schools reported these incidents for an estimated 7,576 incidents.
• Students aged twelve through eighteen were victims of more than 2.7 million total crimes at school.
• Youth are far more likely to be victimized by violence than to commit violence.
• Students were two times more likely to be victims of serious violent crime away from school as at school.
• Nearly five percent of students aged twelve through eighteen reported that they had been bullied at school in the last six months. In general, females were as likely as males to report being bullied.
• About fifteen percent of students in grades nine through twelve reported being in a physical fight on school property.
• Almost one in five students reported being threatened with a beating, and again this was a more common experience for middle school students (22%) than for high school students (16%).
• On average, each year there are 133,700 violent crimes against teachers at school and 217,400 thefts from teachers at school, reported by teachers from both public and private schools.
• Seven percent of schools or an estimated 6,451 schools reported at least one incident of physical attack or fight with a weapon to law enforcement personnel during one school year.
Additionally, there are a number of horrific workplace and shopping mall shootings that appear to be increasing in numbers and frequency.
• Half of employers with 1,000 or more employees in the United States had an incident of workplace violence within the 12 months prior to completing a new survey on workplace violence prevention, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported in The Survey of Workplace Violence Prevention, released October 27, 2006.
• While 5 percent of all establishments, including state and local governments, had a violent incident, half of the largest establishments (employing 1,000 or more workers) reported an incident. In these largest establishments, the most prevalent type of incident was co-worker (34.1 percent), followed by a customer or client (28.3 percent), domestic violence (24.1 percent), and criminal (17.2 percent).
• More than 28 percent of respondents with 250 to 999 employees said they had an incident of workplace violence in the last year.
• Of all establishments reporting an incident of workplace violence in the previous 12 months, 21 percent reported that the incident affected the fear level of their employees and twenty-one percent indicated that the incident affected their employees’ morale.
• Over 70 percent of United States workplaces have no formal program or policy that addresses workplace violence.
Research into mass shooting reveals a number of interesting traits amongst mass shooters; one of which is – they always have a “tell” (as in a poker game) that is evident before violence erupts. Would you know what to look for?
Agency & Corporate Liability
There are OSHA guidelines regarding Violence in the Workplace that are generally unenforceable. However, when it comes to personal safety any corporate entity can be held liable for not addressing worker safety concerns.
Negligence is defined as a party’s failure to exercise the prudence and care that a reasonable person would exercise in similar circumstances to prevent injury to another party. Generally, the plaintiff is these cases must prove the following in order to be awarded restitution, compensation or reparations for their losses:
• That the defendant had a duty of care;
• That the defendant failed to uphold this duty;
• That this negligence led to the plaintiff’s injury or death;
• The actual damages that were caused by the injury.
Gross negligence is usually understood to involve an act or omission in reckless disregard of the consequences affecting the life or property of another.
Example: Several employees of a company have formally complained to management about being approached by strangers in the parking ramp. Nobody takes any proactive action. Eventually, an employee of the company is sexually assaulted in the parking ramp. Is the company liable?
The National Counterterrorism Center, a U.S. intelligence clearinghouse issued a report in 2010. Among their findings:
• Approximately 11,000 terrorist attacks occurred in 83 countries during 2009, resulting in over 58,000 victims, including nearly 15,000 fatalities. Attacks decreased by about six percent in 2009 and deaths by about 5 percent. This marks the second consecutive year for declines of both attacks and fatalities. Unlike the preceding four years where the Near East witnessed the greatest number of attacks, the largest number of reported terrorist attacks in 2009 occurred in South Asia, which also had, for the second consecutive year, the greatest number of fatalities. Together, South Asia and the Near East were the locations for almost two-thirds of the 234 high-casualty attacks (those that killed 10 or more people) in 2009.
• Most attacks in 2009 were perpetrated by terrorists applying conventional fighting methods such as armed attacks, bombings, and kidnappings. Drawing on the lessons learned from the Mumbai attack in 2008, Sunni extremist elements used suicidal militia style attacks in numerous large scale attacks in 2009. Terrorists continued their practice of coordinated attacks that included secondary attacks on first responders at attack sites; they also continued to reconfigure weapons and other materials to create improvised explosive devices, and used women and children to evade security counter-measures.
• Almost 48,000 individuals worldwide were either killed or injured by terrorist attacks in 2009. Based upon a combination of reporting and demographic analysis of the countries involved, well over 50 percent of the victims were Muslims, and most were victims of Sunni extremist attacks in Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
• Open source reporting largely identifies victims as civilians – approximately two-thirds of almost 48,000 killed or injured. As such, the fidelity of victim types is difficult to obtain, but the fragmented reporting on it does yield some insights about the demographics of these victims. Police officers were a favored terrorist target, accounting for 14 percent of the total killed and wounded in 2009. Government officials, employees and contractors killed and wounded from terrorist attacks doubled from 2008 and accounted for five percent of the total victims.
The US homegrown terrorist, defined as someone who is a terrorist operative that is a U.S. person, and is radicalized in the United States – is a growing threat.
It is relatively easy to disrupt major delivery systems of services in major cities through simple acts of sabotage. If that actually happens, there is likely to be a shutdown of transportation routes and delivery of basic services, including communications, food, water and gasoline. How long would it be before there is widespread panic, chaos and public unrest? How would you react to that?
The economic and death toll from natural disasters are on the rise. It is arguable as to whether we are experiencing more natural disasters than decades ago. It is more likely whatever increases have been noted are due to more people living in more areas, and better equipment and methods of detection. Between 1975 and 1996, natural disasters worldwide cost 3 million lives and affected at least 800 million others (Noji). In the United States, damage caused by natural hazards costs close to one billion dollars per week.
According to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, from 2000 to 2009:
• Nearly 4,000 disasters were recorded.
• More than 780,000 people were killed.
• More than two billion people were affected.
• Economic losses were an estimated USD 960 billion.
Remember the California earthquake in 1989? Public safety officials along with citizens did an outstanding job responding to the destruction. Lives were saved. Contrast that to hurricane Katrina, in which public safety officials and emergency response teams were basically frozen and ineffective.
The Katrina disaster was due to several factors; poor planning throughout the years, the nature of the event, poor coordination between agencies. Katrina serves to reinforce the misguided belief of safety through government.
Now imagine for a moment that there was appropriate emergency planning for New Orleans being under water in the event those levees broke down and flooded for whatever reason. It should have looked something like this:
• If the levees did break, vehicles would be inoperable, and people would be stranded. This leaves boats and helicopters as the rationale alternatives to disseminate emergency supplies and to provide rescue efforts.
• An emergency shelter (the dome) is designated as such, and food and water stockpiles are within quick logistical reach.
• Emergency personnel are given response stations and locations.
• Police, fire and state resources are coordinated with several types of contingency plans using many scenarios.
• Coordination with federal officials is a crap-shoot for any state; take it if you can get it but don’t count on it.
With Katrina everyone is quick to point the finger at the federal government. Granted, the response was terrible, but what had the state and local government done to plan for what seemed to be inevitable? Had individual residents considered taking personal steps to protect their families with something as simple as an inflatable raft along with some extra food and water?
Human beings will do unbelievable things to each other that can only be explained and described as evil. The nature of evil is such that it pretends to embrace the good notions of negotiation, love, generosity, and passivity. In reality evil takes those things and manipulates them for its own selfish desires.
Evil understands only one thing; an overwhelming amount of power – and that comes through education, preparation and training.
M. Scott Peck in his book, The Road Less Traveled: “Having suggested that laziness is the original sin and that laziness in the form of our own sick self might even be the devil, it is relevant to round out the picture by making some remarks about the nature of evil. The problem of evil is perhaps the greatest of all theological problems. Yet, as with so many other “religious” issues, the science of psychology has acted, with a few minor exceptions, as if evil did not exist. First, I have come to conclude that evil is real. It is not some figment of the imagination of a primitive religious mind feebly attempting to explain the unknown. There really are people, and institutions made up of people, who respond with hatred in the presence of goodness and would destroy the good insofar as it is in their power to do so. They do this not with conscious malice but blindly, lacking awareness of their own evil – indeed, seeking to avoid any such awareness. As has been described of the devil in religious literature, they hate the light and instinctively will do anything to avoid it, including attempting to extinguish it. They will destroy the light in their own children and in all other beings subject to their power. Evil people hate light because it reveals their badness; they hate love because it reveals their laziness. They will destroy the light, the goodness, the love in order to avoid the pain of such self-awareness.”
This was written many years ago. Long before sitting Presidents routinely used the word “evil” in describing various actions of governments around the world. Dr. Peck’s description of the underlying theological roots of violence is food for thought.
How does the average person respond to evil?
The topics presented above are just a sampling of things that can affect your personal safety.
Perception is everything; it is our reality. As long as we think government, law enforcement and public safety officials will keep us safe we will walk through life acting that way. That perception is nowhere near reality, and Americans are experts at denial. Government, law enforcement and public safety professionals have accomplished much good, even as many politicians have. But they are all bureaucracies that are slow to act; like a thudding giant. They are incapable of protecting many people from violence despite their best efforts. It is just too massive a task. Particularly in the face of gangs, criminals and terror organizations that are nimble and quick in their ability to make decisions, change tactics and hide amongst the masses.
Government officials, law enforcement and public safety officials are rarely present when violence strikes. Violence, by its nature, is unexpected and swift. The average duration of a typical violent encounter is less than 2 minutes. In a survey of 63 cities in the United States, conducted by the International City/County Municipal Association, (a professional and educational organization for municipal administrators) the average response time of police was 6 minutes and 15 seconds. You do the math. By the time these well-intended protectors show up the damage is already done.
As you can see from the material presented here, there are a large number of issues that can affect your personal safety. If you are a martial arts student, you already know your Dojo does not address 90% of what you just read here.
And that is the reality of the world we live in today.
Traditionally, someone concerned about these issues might take a self defense course, attend a seminar, scour the Internet for information, buy a topical book, enroll in a martial arts course or contract services with a security firm. None of these options will adequately prepare an individual or organization to fully come to terms with the threats outlined in this article because we live in a different world.
There are numerous programs, seminars and training opportunities dealing with violence that are available to government officials, criminal justice personnel and military professionals. Very few of these programs are available to private citizens and families, private communities and business, or religious and civic organizations. They remain the most vulnerable.
It is now possible for vulnerable groups and individuals to be educated, empowered, and prepared with the necessary skills to successfully mitigate unexpected disasters, threats and violence. The information is available, and there are plenty of professionals like myself who are more than willing to share this information with others.
Many countries have required military training and mandatory service for their citizens. For a complete list, please visit this link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_service
I do not advocate conscription (the compulsory enrollment of people to some sort of public service), but I do whole-heartedly endorse private regional training centers that offer civilians the opportunity to learn about self preservation, protection and personal safety from a holistic approach. I’m not so sure martial arts skills will help the average person who is trying to figure out how to feed their family after a natural disaster. Will martial arts be valuable when the con-man tries to get you involved in a ponzi-scheme? Will a good side-kick protect you from identity theft? Will a brachial stun help you figure out the legal ramifications of a workplace violence plan?
The Dojo, as we know it, is dead. It just doesn’t know it yet.